He mea waihanga i Aotearoa - Te Tiriti o Waitangi.
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KEI TĒNEI WĀHANGA

Kōrero Poto

Kupu Whakataki

A Aotearoa i ngā tau o ngā 1830

Te hanganga o ngā kaupapa-here a Ingarangi

Te Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tīreni (1835)

Ngā tau i mua tata atu i te Tiriti

Ngā kaupapa-here a Ingarangi me te Tiriti

Te Hainatanga o te Tiriti

Ngā kōrero ake o te Tiriti

Ngā rerekētanga i ngā tauira e rua o te Tiriti

Ngā take i haina ai ētahi, i kore ai ētahi e haina

Ngā mahi whakaoti

Nga Kaupapa-Here Tōmua A Te Karauna

Te Paheke atu ki te Pakanga

Te Kōti Whenua Māori

Ngā Kaupapa-Here "Whakakotahi" me ngā Urupare a te Māori

Te Wāhanga Tuatahi o te Rautau Rua Tekau

Ka Tipu Haere te aro ki te Tiriti

Te Neke ki ngā Tāone me te Tīmatanga Hou

Ngā Taukumekume mō te Tiriti

English version of this page

Ko Te HĪtori o Te Tiriti

Te Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu TĪreni (1835)

He mea tuhi te W[h]akaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tīreni ki te reo Māori. Nā ngā mahi a tētahi Wīwī korokē, ko Charles de Thierry te ingoa, i whakapono ai a Te Pūhipi me mātua waihanga te whakaputanga nei. Ko te kōrero hoki a de Thierry, taihoa ka whakatūria e ia he ‘whenua mana kīngitanga, mana motuhake’ ki Hokianga. I āwangawanga anō ētahi o ngā rangatira Māori i ēnei kupu āna. Whakatau ana a Te Pūhipi koinei te wā pai ki te whakatinana i ngā tohutohu a Ingarangi kia whakatūria he kāwanatanga āhua toipoto nei i waenga i a ngāi Māori. Ki tāna, he huarahi tēnei e noho ai a Aotearoa hei “whenua whakawhirinaki o te Emepaea o Ingarangi, ahakoa kāore e āta tapaina ki tērā karangatanga”. Heoi anō, kāore ngā wawata o Te Pūhipi i te whakaata i ngā kaupapa here a Ingarangi i ērā wā.

I hainahia tuatahitia te Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga o Nu Tīreni e ngā rangatira e 34 i Waitangi i te 28 Oketopa 1835. Ka tāpiria ōna anō waitohu tae rawa ki te 22 Hūrae 1839. Hui katoa e 52 ngā rangatira i tāia ō rātou waitohu ki te mea nei, tae atu ki tērā o te ariki nui o Tainui, o Te Wherowhero.

Ko tētahi o ngā whakahau a te Whakaputanga, “ko te “Kīngitanga, ko te mana i te w[h]enua” ka nono tonu ki ngā “tino rangatira anake i tō mātou huihuinga”, arā, ki “te w[h]akaminenga o ngā hapū o Nu Tīreni”. Ka whakahau anō te Whakaputanga kia huihui ngā rangatira ki Waitangi i ia tau ki te whakarite ture, kia tukuna anō hoki he kape o te tuhinga nei ki a Kīngi Wiremu IV. Hei utu i te atawhai me te tiaki a ngā rangatira i ngā Pākehā e noho ana ki Aotearoa, ka tono ngā rangatira i te Kīngi kia noho hei “matua” ki a rātou i tō rātou “tamarikitanga”, kei whakakāhoretia tō rātou rangatiratanga (e ētahi atu whenua o te ao). Heoi anō, ko te whakatūpato a tētahi pūkenga Māori, kei pōhēhē tātou e tohu ana te kupu “matua” i konei me mātua aro te “tamaiti” ki ngā whakahau katoa a te matua i te mea ko ia anake e mōhio ana ki te ara tika. E tohu noa ana ko ia te mea mōhio ake, ā, e tamariki tonu ana te iwi Māori ki ngā whakahaere o tēnei tūmomo kāwanatanga. Tukuna ana e Te Pūhipi te Whakaputanga ki te Kīngi, whakamanatia ana e te Karauna i te tau 1836.

Ko tā Te Pūhipi i whai ai, kia noho tūturu a Aotearoa ki raro i te maru o Ingarangi. Ko tā ngā rangatira i whai ai, kia whakatūturu te Karauna o Ingarangi i tō rātou ake mana motuhake.

Nō reira he rerekē pea ngā wawata o Te Pūhipi me ngā rangatira mō te Whakaputanga. Ko tā Te Pūhipi i whai ai, kia noho tūturu a Aotearoa ki raro i te maru o Ingarangi. Ko tā ngā rangatira i whai ai, kia whakatūturu te Karauna o Ingarangi i tō rātou ake mana motuhake, kia pakari ake ngā hononga ki te Karauna, ā, kia kī taurangi a Ingarangi māna rātou e tiaki. Kua noho taonga tonu te Whakaputanga o te Rangatiratanga ki te iwi Māori i roto i ngā tau. Ka titiro whakamuri ana, ko te whakaaro o te iwi Māori, e waitohu ana te Whakaputanga i te whakaae o Ingarangi he whenua Māori tū motuhake a Aotearoa i tērā wā. Kua whakamahia anō hoki i roto i ngā tau hei kōkiri i te mana motuhake. E kī ana ētahi karu hītori ahakoa he aha te whāinga i te wā i hangaia ai te Whakaputanga, ko te mea nui, ko te whakaae o ngā rangatira ki te haina i te mea nei. Ki te noho koirā te aronga matua, he takahanga nui tēnei i te tārainga o te tūnga motuhake o tēnei whenua, ahakoa e kikiri tonu ana i tērā wā.

Ahakoa pēhea, e whakaae ana te nuinga o ngā karu hītori i te wā i tāia ai te Whakaputanga, he tuhinga niho kore. I mua tonu i tō rātou wehenga atu i te hui nāna i whakarite te kaupapa taketake o te Whakaputanga, kua oti kē i ngā rangatira te kī atu ki a Te Pūhipi kei pōhēhē ia ka whakaae tētahi rangatira kotahi nei kia iti ake tōna mana takitahi i tō te Whakaminenga. Ka mahi tonu a Te Pūhipi ki te kohikohi i ngā ingoa, engari karekau he taunakitanga e tohu ana i hui anō te Whakaminenga, hāunga ia te hui i tū ki te haina i te Tiriti o Waitangi i te Pēpuere 1840. Ko ngā mahi hāpai i te ture i Pēwhairangi, i taka ki te Pūtahi o Kororāreka (he huinga Pākehā e noho ana ki reira) e mahi tahi ana ki a Te Pūhipi me ētahi o ngā rangatira o te rohe. Kāore kē i hua ake he kāwanatanga ā-motu i te Whakaputanga. Ka mutu, ko te mana tūturu o te whenua, i noho tonu ki tēnā, ki tēnā rangatira i tōna ake iwi, i ōna ake hapū, kāore i noho atu ki te Whakaminenga.

Nō te tau 1836 me te 1837 i tāia ai, i whakaputaina ai te Whakaputanga, engari hei tā ētahi karu hītori kāore i āta arohia ake kia 1840 rawa te tau, i reira ka kitea iho he tino aukati tāna i te tāpiritanga o Aotearoa ki ngā whenua ake o Ingarangi. Ko te kaupapa mātāmua hoki o te Tiriti, he whakakore i te mana o te Whakaputanga, kia taka ai te mana tūturu o te whenua ki raro i a Kuini Wikitoria. I te hainatanga o te Tiriti, i whakahuatia ake ngā ingoa o ngā rangatira i haina i te Whakaputanga (ō rātou piki tūranga rānei) i te rārangi tūmataiti a Te Pūhipi i tētahi tānga o te Whakaputanga o te tau 1836, ā, he maha ō rātou ingoa kei runga rawa o te tauira o te Tiriti i hainahia i Waitangi.

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NGĀ HONO E HĀNGAI ANA

Tāngata Ingoa Nui

Te Puni Kokiri

Archives New Zealand

Earle, Augustus  1793-1838: Village of Parkuni, River Hokianga. London, lithographed and published by R. Martin & Co  [1838].
Te kāinga o Pākuni, i te Awa o Hokianga, 1838.

Image: ATL
PUBL-0015-04

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Paris, Edmond Francois, fl 1835: La Favourite franchissant la Passe de Kororāreka. Paris del. Himely sc. [Paris, 1835].
La Favourite, he kaipuke Wīwī e mahi ana kia whakawhiti i ngā moana hūkerikeri kia uru ai ia ki Pēwhairangi, Oketopa 1831.

Image: ATL
PUBL-0133-067

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House of British Resident James Busby in Waitangi, ca 1903.
Te Whare o te Rēreneti o Ingarangi, o Te Pūhipi, i Waitangi, ca 1903.

Image: ATL
PA1-o-142-093

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The Government gave the New Zealanders a flag or rather one under which vessels sail... (United Tribes Ensign, Waitangi). 1834.
Ētahi Māori tokorua mau pū, i raro i te pouhaki me te Haki Mā, ca 1834.

Image: ATL
MS-1550-120

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